The following classes or types of cherry tree varieties have been ordered according to their maturation time, the reader can access the full information of each variety by clicking on the links available.
Among the cherry tree varieties list, you can find white, black, red cherry, bush, early, late, best cherries, self pollinating, small, big cherry, sweet cherry varieties…
The data shown in the different types of cherries tree varieties are data collected from multiple nurseries and research organizations from Spanish and foreign sources. The information shown here is the most truthful possible within the variations suffered by the cherry cultivation according to the annual climate, diseases and other key factors of the place where it has been planted.
If you are looking for additional information about cherry tree varieties or want to comment on a specific cherry. You can write a comment at the end of the article, we will respond as quickly as possible.
Before investing in the realization of an important plantation of cherry trees. It is advisable to verify that the selected varieties fulfill our expectations about the available cultivation area.
Extra-Early cherry varieties
Within the existing types of cherry, we find varieties of early maturation. Extra-early cherry varieties are considered those that mature before Burlat.
Originally from Spain, it is one of the varieties with less cold needs that exists in the world. It is self-fertile and mature 15 days before Burlat. It has a good productive capacity, however, it has a very small size that prevents its planting on a commercial scale. The cherry Cristobalina can be a suitable variety for personal consumption in areas with scarce chill hours. It is popularly known as heart of squab-pigeon cherry.
Originally from France, this self-sterile variety matures 5 days before Burlat. Cherry Primulat is precocious and very productive, it is a cherry of big size and good taste. It needs pollen crossing to be a self-sterile variety.
Variety of recent introduction, mature 4 days before Burlat. This kind of self-sterile cherry, is very thick in size, good flavor and high post-harvest life, being suitable for export.
Of Italian origin this variety of ripe cherry 3 days before Burlat. It is self-fertile, has good flavor and medium-good resistance to cracking.
This variety obtained in France, matures 2 days before Burlat. It is a variety of self-sterile cherry, large in size, but with a flavor inferior to Burlat and very sensitive to cracking .
Cherry of French origin, mature 2 days before Burlat. Self-sterile pollinating, large size and good productivity cherry tree, its main problem is its excessive sensitivity to cracking and stepped maturation, being necessary to make several passes.
Interesting varieties of early cherry
This category includes the cherry types that mature between 0 and 11 days after Burlat.
It is the reference variety at European level, as it is the most widespread and cultivated variety among existing varieties. Despite being a cherry with more than 80 years of history, it has been difficult to find a good substitute. It has good flavor and exceeds in cracking resistance to most varieties of its time. Its main drawback is the excessive presence of double fruits in years of hot summers.
Also well known as 4-70 is maturing coincident with Burlat. Auto sterile and highly sensitive to cracking, improves Burlat in the presence of double fruit.
This variety is of very recent publication. Its maturation occurs between 1 and 3 days after Burlat. Autofertil, productive and with scarce cold needs. It produces large, firm and good-tasting cherries. Its resistance to cracking seems to be good.
From California, it is a very recent variety (2013). Pacific Red matures 6 days after Burlat. It is a self-fertile cherry with very good productivity and excellent characteristics in terms of flavor, size and export capacity. In addition, it presents good resistance to cracking. Very interesting variety to which we must not lose track.
Californian variety self-sterile and small, mature 6 days after Burlat. It is dark red and good flavor, but of low resistance to cracking.
This early variety matures 6 days after Burlat, is self-sterile and highly productive. When ripe it is garnet, firm and very good flavor, unfortunately, this variety is not very resistant to cracking.
Early cherry variety obtained in California, matures 7 days after Burlat. Self-sterile, early flowering and high productivity. Of red color when maturing, its cherry is firm and of good flavor. It is thick in size and has medium resistance to cracking.
Registered in 2010, this Californian variety is self-sterile, very thick in size and with good cracking resistance. Mature 8 days after Burlat. Its main problem is that it requires special handling to achieve good productions.
Canadian variety of the pillory type. Mature 8 days after Burlat. Variety of large size and heart shaped with good resistance in the tree, but quite sensitive to cracking. Picota type variety (can be collected without a tail).
Cherry developed in Hungary. Self-sterile variety, mature 9 days after Burlat. Of very thick size and good flavor, it is a variety of high productivity that is currently spreading in Germany.
Variety from California, with registration date 2009, this recent cherry is receiving rave reviews where it is planted. Self-fertile and very productive, it is a firm cherry with a good flavor. Reach maturity 10 days after Burlat.
Comes from California, Brooks cherry variety is self-sterile and very productive, maturing 10 days after Burlat. It is a large cherry, high hardness and excellent flavor, its main problem is its low resistance to cracking.
Californian Cherry self-sterile and medium size, its taste is good and has good cracking resistance. Maturation is 10 days after Burlat.
Excellent Canadian variety of cherry. Self-fertile, very large size and high productivity. Its taste is good and has good resistance to cracking. It reaches maturity 10 days after Burlat and can be collected without Rabo (Cherry Pillory).
Cherry obtained in California (United States). Giant Red is self-sterile and mature 10 days after Burlat. It has a very large size (12 g) and good flavor, but it is very sensitive to the rain split.
Californian variety, self-sterile and ripening 10 days after Burlat. Of very thick size and of good flavor, it is susceptible to present an important quantity of double fruits.
Variety originally from Canada. Self-fertile cherry, has a very good flavor and is a very productive variety. Its size in very thick and mature 11 days after Burlat. It is very resistant to cracking.
Obtained in Canada (Summerland station), productive and self-fertile, mature past 11 Burlat days. Their cherries are thick, firm and sugary in flavor. Its good resistance to cracking is also interesting.
Half season cherry tree varieties:
This category includes varieties or types of cherry tree varieties that mature between 12 and 19 days after Burlat.
Recent variety of cherry of Italian origin. It is self-fertile and its maturation occurs 12 days after Burlat. It is a variety of firm consistency and excellent taste, its size is large and is highly valued by its consumers.
Of Canadian origin, this large variety of cherry is self-sterile and mature 12 days after Burlat. It is a variety of high productivity, under conditions of moderate load on vigorous patterns can reach very thick calibers. It is of good firmness and great resistance in tree (more than a week if it is collected without a tail “picota”), its flavor is very good and it is moderately sensitive to cracking
Variety of Canadian origin, mature 12 days after Burlat. It is self-fertile, thick in size and very high in productivity. It is sensitive to monilia and cracked.
Originating in Canada, this self-sterile variety matures 12 days after Burlat. It is a cherry of the pillory type, of good flavor, firm and very productive. Its resistance to cracking is good.
Californian cherry, self-sterile ripening variety 13 days after Burlat. The cherry is large, firm and very good flavor. It has little resistance to cracking and is sensitive to cracking.
Variety of North American cherry, it is self-sterile and mature 14 days after Burlat. Large, firm and very good taste. Its main problem is the susceptibility that presents to cracking.
From the United States, this self-sterile variety of cherry has a very high productivity. Mature 14 days after Burlat, it is firm with very good flavor and medium resistance to cracking.
Canadian variety, harvested after 15 days of Burlat. Its flavor is somewhat scarce, but has good resistance to cracking and a very large size. Self-fertile cherry and of average productivity.
It is a cherry from the Summerland research station in Canada. Self-fertile, with high productivity and very thick size, it is a cherry variety with a good flavor and good cracking resistance. Maturation is 16 days before Burlat.
Canadian variety of cherry type “bicolor”, is self-sterile and mature with 16 days of difference against Burlat. It is of small size, soft and of scarce flavor, its resistance to cracking is very good. It is a variety of industrial use.
Originally from Canada, she matures 16 days after Burlat. It is a variety of cherry very appreciated by the market, reaches very large calibers, is firm and has an excellent flavor. It is self-sterile and it is difficult to find varieties that coincide fully during its pollination, presenting an insufficient productivity.
Obtained in Canada, cherry is harvested 16 days after Burlat. It is an interesting variety to replace Summit. It stands out for its good flavor, firmness and resistance to cracking. Precocious and productive, cherries are heart shaped and large.
Italian type of black cherry variety. Self-fertile pollinating, mature 17 days after Burlat. It is a cherry of high firmness and endurance in tree. Its taste is good and probably the most resistant to cracking variety currently available.
Self-sterile variety from Canada, maturation occurs after 17 Burlat days. Variety of average productivity, its size is medium, but it has good levels of firmness and flavor. Its resistance to cracking is very good.
Canadian cherry of the pillory type, mature 17 days after Burlat. It is a very widespread variety in Spain for its very high productivity and very good taste. It is self-sterile and very tasty. Firm cherry and good resistance to cracking.
Self-sterile cherry, ripe 17 days after Burlat. It is of coarse size and high productivity. It has a good flavor, it is firm and of good resistance to cracking.
Of Canadian origin it is a cherry of the “pillory” type, it can be harvested after 18 days of Burlat, its size is very thick, it is firm with good taste and good resistance to cracking.
Its origin is the United States, being the most traditional and representative cherry of America. Ripening occurs 19 days after Burlat. Medium in size, attractive color and high productivity, it is a cherry highly valued in the United States for its excellent flavor.
Originated from Canada, is one of the first self-fertile varieties obtained. The cherry ripens to 19 days of the Burlat harvest. It is of medium size and very high productivity. With little flavor and good resistance to cracking.
It comes from the United States, it is a type of Bicolor cherry. The variety is self-sterile and mature 19 days after Burlat. It is thick in size and very good flavor, being a variety appreciated by the industry.
Different interesting varieties of late cherry tree varieties
Within this section are the different types of late cherry varieties that can be harvested between 20 and 27 days after Burlat.
Of unknown origin, this variety matures 20 days after Burlat. Of coarse size and very high productivity, it presents a good flavor. Its resistance to cracking is good. Currently their plantations are increasing.
Of similar age to Burlat, this Canadian cherry variety, matures after 20 days of Burlat. Of medium size and high productivity, it is a cherry of the pillory type with very good flavor, firm consistency and good resistance to cracking. Despite its good technical characteristics, it is a rare variety in Spain.
Cherry obtained at the Summerland station (Canada). Self-sterile and very high productivity. Cherry of very thick size, good values of flavor and firmness with an average sensitivity to cracking. Ripening occurs after 21 Burlat days.
Canadian cherry self-fertile. Its productivity is very high and has a very thick size. Cherry of excellent flavor and good resistance to cracking, but it is very unsteady. Although mature 21 days after Burlat, it can be collected earlier in order to improve hardness.
Variety of German origin and of the bicolor type. It is harvested after 22 days of Burlat. Productive, medium size and scarce flavor. Its resistance to cracking is good and is used by the industry.
Coming from Canada, it is a self-fertile variety of good productivity. The harvest is done after 22 Burlat days. It has good taste, thick and firm size. Unfortunately, it does not resist cracking.
Obtained in 1983, it is a variety of Canadian cherry of the “picota” type. It is currently the cherry variety most planted in the world. It is the variety of cherry with more production capacity known. Thick in size, good flavor and good cracking resistance, Lapins is a variety much appreciated by farmers. Mature 24 days after Burlat.
Variety of cherry originating in the Czech Republic and very popular in Germany. You can start harvesting 24 days after Burlat. It is a cherry of thick size, fime and of good flavor, with good resistance to cracking.
It is spoken of as improved Lapins. Its characteristics are similar, but productivity is somewhat lower, which helps to obtain cherries of greater caliber and quality. In the United States he is replacing Lapins. Mature 25 days after Burlat.
Traditional German cherry, known since the mid-nineteenth century. Mature after 27 Burlat days. It is of average productivity, small size and little flavor. Its resistance to cracking is low.
New York variety of cherry, ripe 27 days after Burlat. It is a cherry variety of the “picota” type of blackish color and very good flavor. Of coarse caliber, very productive and of very good resistance to cracking. It is a variety that is awakening interest.
Californian variety of late cherry, ripe 27 days after Burlat. Self-fertile, precocious and very productive. It allows to obtain very thick calibers, with firm consistency and very good flavor.
Extra-late cherry varieties:
They are within this classification of types of cherry by date of maturation, are those cherries that after harvesting Burlat, take 28 or more days to mature.
Probably of French origin, this variety of white cherry is mainly used by the industry. Its white fruits have medium size and good taste. Mature after 28 days.
Variety of Spanish Cherry traditionally grown in Cáceres. Of average size and productivity, it is a firm cherry with a very good flavor, with a high capacity of resistance to cracking. Mature 31 days after Burlat. Cherry of the pillory type, at the moment it is inside the denomination of protected origin “Cereza del Jerte”.
It is a variety of self-sterile cherry of German origin. Its maturation occurs 31 days after Burlat. Of low productivity and thick size the fruit is of good taste and very good resistance to cracking.
Cherry of Spanish origin, is within the PDO “Cherry Jerte”. Small in size, crunchy consistency and very good flavor, it is a traditional cherry variety with a pillory or no tail. Its maturation takes place after 33 days of Burlat and it has a very good resistance to cracking.
Traditional variety in Extremadura, is among the varieties accepted by the “Cereza del Jerte” PDO. Of very small size cherry tree variety and good taste, it is crunchy and of good resistance to cracking. Mature 34 days after Burlat.
Obtained in Canada is a self-fertile variety that matures 36 days after Burlat. It has a very high productivity, thick gauge and good taste. It is firm and of good resistance to cracking.
Cherry obtained at Summerland station (Canada), matures after 37 Burlat days. Self-fertile variety of medium size, good taste and high productivity. Cherry variety cherry type and good resistance to cracking.
Self pollinating cherry tree of Canadian origin. Its maturation occurs 38 days after Burlat. Of medium size and little flavor, it is a firm cherry with medium resistance to cracking.
List of names of the different varieties or types of cherry.
There are hundreds of different types of cherry, in this article we have described the majority of existing commercial varieties studied in Spain. The world of the cherry does not stop to advance and every year new varieties are patented. The varietal improvement programs of Canada and United States are the most powerful, but in Spain, France, Italy, Germany and other European countries. new varieties are sought to overcome existing ones.
The idea is to make a list with the names of all varieties of cherries that exist. But surely someone has passed me and you can tell me in the comments.
Cherry tree varieties list 1: Types of cherry tree
Types of cherry trees: Burlat (Early Burlat, Burlat Compact), Pacific Red (SMS 291), Marvin (Niran, 4-70), Ruby (Early Ruby, Maru), Rocket (SMS-22), Early Red (Maraly), Frisco (SDR 9), Santina (13S 5-22), Giorgia, Brooks, Larian, Garnet (Magar), Sandon Rose, Celeste (Sumpaca), Cherry Corum, Valera, Vega, Carmen, Prime Giant (Sunana), Grace Star, Crystalline (Sumnue), New Star, New Moon (Sumini), Maru, Lampe, Stark Hardy Giant (Starking), Canada Giant (Sumgita), Utah Giant, Black Star, 13S 3-13, Cherry Ebony, Van, Early Van Compact, Chinook, Mollar de Cáceres, Sue, Summit, Sumesi, Sam (S 6-17), Sylvia (4C 17 31), Satin (Sumele), Samba (Sumste), Bing, Compact Stella, Rainier, 4-84, Nimba (SMS 291).
Classes of cherry tree list 2:
Cherry Rita, Cristobalina (April 14), Sweet Early (Panaro 1), Early Bigi (Bigi Sun), Primulat (Ferprime), Early Lory (Earlise, Rivedel), Bernard Precoce, Moreau, Ramón oliva, Cherry Venus, VIC, Types of Napoleon cherry (Garrafal Napoleon, Monsoon, Royal Ann, Royal Anne, Napoleon Bigarreau or Queen Anne), Cherry Velvet, Lick, Cherry Viscount, Gil Peck, Vogue, Star Cherry, Sunburst, Sandra Rose, Tiger, best cherries Sonata (Sumleta, 13N 6-59), Lambert, Lapins, Spalding, Duroni 3, Vignola, Skeena (13S 43-48), Hedelfingen (Géant d’Hedelfingen), Cherry Tardif de Vignola, Somerset (New York & 4-76, NY 64 -76), Kordia (Attika), White of Provence (White Garrafal), Ambrunesa (Ambrunés), Black Beak, Red Beak, Sweet Heart (Sweetheart, Sumtare), Symphony (Selina or Sinfony), Regina, Staccato (Summer Charm)
List 3: Names of cherry tree varieties
Aguilar, Castañera Cherry (Revenchón), Pigeon Heart, Serrano Heart Cherry, Paloma Heart, Garrafal Lampé (Bouquet), Garrafal de Lérida, Lucinio, Navalinda, Planera, Tilagua, Nadal, Guardamonte, Hervás Cherry, Garganteña, Imperial, Duroni, Duroni 1, Duroni Black, Ripolla, 4-74, Cherry 4-75, Ambrunés special (Ribbed), Pedro Merino, Cherry Isabella, Types of Cherry: Number 50, Ferrovia, Guadalupe, Hudson, Lamper, Rubi, Black Lemon Peak, Pico Limón Colorado, Pico Limón Rabo, Cashmere, Types of Cherry: Chelan, Coralise, Cherry Tieton, Tulare 151, N 57, Garrafal tiger (Pinta de Milagro), Cherry Jarandilla (Cuallarga), Preteras, Cherry Venancio, 228, Navuca, Barrigueta, Ramallet, Vigaró, Marmote, Sumelle, Sweet Aryana, Sweet Lorenz, Sweet Gabriel, Sweet Valina, Sweet Saretta.
Cherry varieties described: list 4
Types of Cherry: Aida, Adelise (Masdel), Agoudel, Cherry Alex, Amarena, Arcina, Arodel, Badacsonyi, Bigalise, Bedel (Bellise), Belge, Big Star, Blaze Star, Cambrina, Cherry Camus de Venasque, Christiana, Columbia, Cherry Cornetta (Corniola), Early Korvik, Early Star (Panaro 2), Enjidel, Emma, Ferdiva, Ferdouce, Fermina, Fernier, Ferpact, Fertard, Fertille, Cherry Firm Red (Marin), Folfer, Gardel, Glacier, Glenred, Guillaume, Giant Red (Mariant), Cherry Griotte de Montmorency, Hâtif_burlat, Henriette, Index.
Best cherries Justyna, Kasandra, Klara, Kossara, Cherry types: Lala Star, Liberty Bell, Cherry Maggiolina, Marim, Marmotte, Masdel, Cherry tree Merchant, Noire de Meched, Olympus, Paulus, Probla, Cherry Reverchon, Rosie (5699 CZ ), Rosilam. Varieties of new cherries: Royal Bailey, Royal Edie, Royal Hazel Cherry, Royal Helen, Royal Lynn, Royal Tioga, Rubilam, Rubin, Cherry Sabrina, Selah (PC 70643), Sofia (SPC106), Souvenir des Charmes, SMS 280, SPC 232, SPC342, Starblush (SPC 207), Stardust (13 N 07-70), Starkrimson, Cherry Starletta (13N739), Cherry Types: Sumbola, Sumn314ch, Tamara, Bright Talaguera, Typ Rekord, Typ Zeppelin, Ulster, Vanda, Cherry Vera, Walter Valldepins, Windsor, Avignon.
We have more information about cherry varieties and their cultivation.