Ambrunés cherry, also called Ambrunesa is a Spanish variety of unknown origin. It is very popular in Extremadura and is very widespread in the Valle del Jerte.
Curiosities: Main chery protected designation of origin “Cereza del Jerte”. The variety of cherry Ambrunés can be collected without a tail, being the cherry cherry par excellence within the DOP Cereza del Jerte. Cherry adapted to the climate of the Valle del Jerte, being unproductive in certain locations.
Despite its good qualities, its cultivation is currently in decline, being replaced by more productive varieties although of inferior quality such as Lapins .
Characteristics of the variety of Ambrunés
Flowering: Ambrunés cherry is a self-sterile variety of cherry. It is of early flowering. Belongs to Group VI (alleles S3S6). Lapins (Group IX) and Celeste (Group IX) coincide very well with the flowering of the Ambrunesa cherry. Although it is not the ideal variety in terms of coincidence of flowering, Ambrunés can be pollinated with Van (Group II).
Maturation: Ambrunés is a variety of very late ripening. Harvest after 31 days of Burlat. Being very late ripening areas with high temperatures in summer, are not advisable.
Productivity: The variety of cherry Ambrunesa has productivity media. The producers of Valle del Jerte can obtain good prices for this variety.
Vigor and bearing of the tree: The variety of Ambrunés cherry, is of medium vigor and the tree has a semi-erect bearing.
Ambrunés cherry, morphological characteristics
Size: The Ambrunesa cherry, has a caliber or size medium. Upon reaching maturity, Ambrunés has a size of 26-27mm. It is usually harvested without a tail, it visually appears a good size.
Form: Ambrunés presents round-flattened shape.
Skin color: The Ambrunesa cherry, has an attractive garnet color during the harvest season. The color is commercially attractive.
Pulp color: Ambrunés cherries have the pulp of color Red.
Taste: The variety of Ambrunés cherry, is a variety appreciated for its taste very good.
Firmness: Ambrunesa cherries are firm. Due to its good firmness, Ambrunés is a variety of good post-harvest resistance. It is a good cherry for transport. Because of its firmness, it could be considered a crunchy cherry, highly valued by consumers.
Although it is a cherry that stands out for its very good taste and firmness. The size of the fruit is lower than that of more recent varieties. Key aspect that may depreciate its value in producing areas not covered by the PDO “Cereza del Jerte”
Resistance to cracking: The variety of cherry Ambrunés, has very good resistance to cracking, cracking or breaking. This is one of the main keys for its important extension in the rainy area of the Jerte Valley.
Peduncle length: Ambrunés has a peduncle of longitude.
Drop the peduncle at maturity, cherry of the pillory type. This characteristic can help increase our collection capacity. Cherry “pillory” or without tail, is usually more appreciated by sellers (longer post-harvest duration), as well as by buyers.
The long peduncle together with the possibility of picking the cherry without a tail, make the collection speed of this cherry better compared to other varieties.
Positive aspects: Good cherry for late areas that can take advantage of lower end of campaign production. Drop peduncle. Firm and very good taste. Resistant to cracking. It supports transport well.
Negative aspects: You need pollinators. It does not adapt well and is not very productive in certain areas.
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A significant part of the information, comes from Spanish research organizations. The behavior of cherry tree varieties may be different depending on the growing place.