Somerset cherry, is obtained from the Geneva experimental station in United States. Also known as New York 64 76, NY 6476 or 64-76. I have not been able to find a date on its year of obtaining, although I have been able to find documentation of the late eighties, talking about this variety of cherry, it is very likely that it is currently out of patent. The origin of this variety is a cross between the varieties Van (1944) and VIC (1937).
Curiosities: The name of the Somerset variety comes from the union of Somer (summer) and Set (Set). We could translate it as Summer Selection, indicative for being a late variety.
Despite its good characteristics, it is a cherry practically non-existent in the Valle del Jerte. I have good references of plantations made in Aragon, with fruits of high quality and trees of high productivity. Unfortunately, it can be difficult to find regular nurseries this variety .
Characteristics of the Somerset variety
Bloom: Somerset cherry is a self-sterile variety. It is a cherry of very early flowering (previous to March 24). It belongs to Group III of pollinators. They can be used as pollinators to Celeste (Group IX), Samba (Group II).
Maturation: The variety of cherry Somerset , is late ripening. It has a wide collection period, but its optimal maturity stage, occurs 27 days after Burlat. Some publications mark their maturity date before Lapins (+24) .
Productivity: Somerset production is elevated. Studies carried out in Argentina give it a very high productivity (70% with respect to Lapins).
Vigor and carriage of the tree: The Somerset cherry, is medium vigor and the bearing open. Branches well and is one of the varieties with more floral induction.
Somerset cherry, morphological characteristics
Size: The Somerset cherry, has a caliber or size thick. When mature, the variety Somerset reaches a size of 28mm.
Form: The variety of cherry Somerset presents round-flattened shape.
Skin color: Somerset, is collected when it reaches the color Blackish.
Pulp color: Somerset cherries have dark red color pulp.
Taste: The variety of cherry Somerset, is a variety of taste very good.
Firmness: Somerset cherries are firm. Because of its firmness, it is suitable for export (it holds up well the transport) and presents a good level of post-harvest resistance.
For its late harvest, high productivity, thick size, firmness and very good taste. Somerset, is a variety with high quality fruits and very to take into account in our plantation. In late zones, especially good selling prices could be obtained.
Cracked resistance: The Somerset cherry variety, has very good resistance to cracking, cracking or splitting. Being an interesting variety of cherry for areas with risk of rain.
Peduncle Length: Somerset, has the peduncle short. The short size can make harvesting difficult, especially when you want to catch this cherry with tail. Although it makes harvesting more difficult, a smaller size of the peduncle makes a larger cherry caliber appear.
Drop the peduncle at maturity. It’s a good cherry “picota” to catch without tail, this is detaches easily during collection.
Positive aspects: it can harbest without peduncle (“picota”). Very good productive capacity. Firmness and high quality of the fruit.
Negative aspects: Very early blooming (risky for planting in areas sensitive to “late” frosts). Needs pollinator
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A significant part of the information, comes from Spanish research organizations. The behavior of cherry tree varieties may be different depending on the growing place.