The cherry tree is delicate and can be affected by different pests and diseases.
Learn in depth the characteristics of these cherry tree diseases and pests and the authorized treatments for their control.
Apply at the right time the treatments against the diseases of the cherry tree. It is essential to obtain cherries of the highest quality. Much of the cherry tree care, should aim to address the pests and diseases of preventive.
The cherry is a fast growing fruit, with little room for maneuver for the application of phytosanitary treatments. It is essential to combat pests in a preventive way and follow the recommendations of the phytosanitary bulletins issued by the Plant Health Service of the autonomous communities.
The treatments of prevention and control of the different cherry pests, are essential to keep the cherry trees in good condition. For the production of quality cherries, it is necessary to take advantage of the different control measures authorized to cope with cherry pests.
Cherry tree aphid
Probably the cherry aphid is the most common pest and greater impact on the cherry. There comes a time when the natural aphid predators are overwhelmed by the population growth of the aphid, the application of authorized control treatments being necessary.
Damages produced by the aphid: The quality of the cherry is reduced, matures later, becomes sticky, worsens its flavor and loses commercial value. Deformations of leaves and buds, as well as loss of vigor of the cherry tree.
The ability of cherry fly adaptation, makes that its area of influence has exploded in recent years, affecting areas of early production.
Produces significant economic damages by depreciating the value of the cherry. The cherries become soft and their flavor is noticeably worse when the fly makes it suitable for presence.
The activity of the Big-headed Worm can be very serious if the cherry trees suffer water stress.
In situations of drought, it intensifies its activity and the application of preventive treatments is necessary. Damages caused by the Big-headed Worm: The larvae of this plague, feed on the cambium of the trunk of the cherry tree, this cuts the flow of sap and dries the cherry tree completely.
Looking very similar to the vinegar fly, Dropsophila Suzukii It is a new and very dangerous pest when the ripe cherry is found. Currently it is one of the most worrisome pests for the sector of cherries.
Although usually not a very important pest. The San José louse can cause very important damages in the cherry plantations if its control is neglected. The treatments with winter oil are economical. Therefore, son very used in the control of this cherry plague.
Cherry tree borer
The Cherry tree borer larvae thrive best on trees of sparse vigor, where can cause major damage to dry cherry trees.
Cherry tree diseases: Fungal
In addition to the insect pests, in the Cultivation of the cherry tree diseases of fungal type have a great impact, produced by the action of different species of fungi.
The Monilia fungus affects the flower and the fruit damaging the production of cherries and making the affected fruits not suitable for marketing. Losses can be large in rainy years, sensitive cherry varieties and when control treatments are not suitable for this cherry tree disease.
The Anthracnose control treatments are essential to obtain Quality cherries . The disease affects both the leaves and cherries, preventing their proper development and reducing the vigor of the cherry tree.
The Screening or Perdigonada is a fungal disease that mainly affects the leaf, reducing the vigor of the cherry tree. It can also affect the fruit, producing spots on the peduncle that depreciate the commercial value of the cherry.
The infection caused by the Gnomonia increases the number of fruits affected by the cracking, being able to produce significant damage to the cherry harvest.
Cherry tree diseases: Bacterial type
Bacterial cherry tree diseases are harder to fight than other cherry pests, and their preventive control is essential.
Worrying bacteria that in addition to the olive grove can affect the cherry tree and other stone fruit trees.
Gomosis, bacterial canker or bacterial cancer
It mainly affects areas with significant temperature variations. The bacterium infects the trunk causing damage and causing the presence of gummosis in the cherry tree.
Interesting bibliography on cherry pests
Part of the information present in the publication ( images, authorized treatments and interesting data on the control of cherry pests), has as its source the phytosanitary bulletin Board of Extremadura, of great interest for the control of cherry pests, fruit trees, diseases of the olive tree …
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