To choose the place more Suitable for olive tree planting is essential to achieve good yields and high productive capacity.
Although there are olive varieties that adapt to cold and damp conditions, those are not the most suitable conditions for oil production made of olives.
The olive tree appreciates hot and dry climates, it is a tree very resistant to drought. In addition, in dry and warm conditions they help control the main olive pests.
So during warmer summers, the olive moth just throws olives on the ground, the olive fly fails to thrive and the black scale has a high mortality.
Autumns and dry springs reduce the incidence of fungi such as the olive leaf spots or the Anthracnose.
Although, planting olive trees in warm areas has significant advantages, water scarcity limits growth and encourages olive tree harvest. In addition, it requires reducing the number of trees and the production per hectare low.
In these areas, support irrigation is very important to increase the productivity of the olive grove and help the olive trees to spend the summer better.
The super high density olive grove has thrived on land with adequate irrigation.
The land also plays an important role, this being the main nutritional pantry of the olive tree. Even having good soil. The professional olive grower should pay attention to mineral deficiencies and olive tree fertilizer to improve their productivity.
Plant drought-resistant olive trees
If our olive trees are going to be planted in an area exposed to drought (less than 400 mm of average rainfall). It is important to plant the olive varieties that best support drought conditions (Hojiblanca, Cornicabra, Castellana…). Despite the resistance to drought, providing irrigation during the growth of olive seedlings will promote greater growth. Allowing several years to enter production.
Plantation of olive trees resistant to Verticillium
In areas with the presence of Verticillium in the soil, resistant olive tree planting is essential to obtain good productions,
Plant olive trees adapted to the cold
The rise and valuation of olive oil worldwide is encouraging the planting of olive trees. This has favored the planting of olive trees in areas with less mild winters than usual in the Mediterranean.
Cobrançosa olive tree, Arróniz, Cornicabra, Sikitita, Arbequina, Blanqueta, Carolea , Maurino, Biancolilla.
Moisture resistant olive trees
Humidity conditions both underground and environmental promote root asphyxiation and the appearance of fungi.
The Cobrançosa olive is a variety that adapts well to the conditions of Galicia and northern Portugal.
There is currently a growing interest in olive tree planting of the Cobrançosa variety.
Villalonga also has good moisture resistance. Although, this Valencian olive variety is planted in warmer climates.
Best time to olive tree planting
Olive seedlings are very sensitive to frost damage. Therefore it is convenient to be patient and plant the olive trees once the risk of frost has ended. The month of March is usually the most suitable for the realization of plantations, although the best time to plant olive trees will depend on the climate of the area. It should be remembered that the olive trees need average temperatures above 10ºC to activate, so not to advance the plantation better results will be achieved.
The use of olive tree planter machines facilitates planting tasks, allowing many olive trees to be planted during the best season.
Do you already know where you can plant an olive tree? You may be interested to know:
What care does an olive plantation need?
How many olives does an olive tree produce?
We have translated the information on our website from Spanish to English. Note that some words may have seen their meaning altered during their translation.