The variety of Arroniz olive tree, produces olives suitable for oil production. It is currently expanding, its ability to adapt to the hedge cultivation system is of interest.
Until recently, the variety was found in marginal land and in small and low-cost plantations, with just 500 hectares of traditional cultivation.
The success of plantations carried out with irrigation on good lands, have generated an important interest in the Arroniz variety.
The Arroniz olive tree is very well adapted to the cold and dry weather in the area of Navarra and Álava.
In 2005, a cultivation area of 3000 hectares was estimated, with increasing interest in Navarra and Álava.
Curiosities: The olive variety “ Arroniz “, takes the name of the municipality Navarro de Arroniz. It stands out as one of the varieties of cold-resistant olive trees that best adapt to the super-intensive olive grove.
Synonyms: the olive tree Arroniz is also known with the names Royuela (La Rioja), Bermejuela, Female (La Guardia), Vidrial (Tudela).
Characteristics of the Arroniz Olive Tree
Separated for centuries by the vine and the cereal, the traditional plantations of Arroniz olive groves are located on land of low productivity. The modernization of the cultivation with more modern and mechanized plantations has highlighted the Arroniz olive tree as a variety of growing interest within its community.
Productivity: the Arroniz olive tree variety is entered into production early and of medium-high productivity .
Regularity of bearing: Arroniz is a constant variety of production (a little less than).
Flowering: the variety of Arroniz olive, is of medium flowering.
Vigor and bearing of the tree: the Arroniz olive tree has vigor medium and open bearing.
Leaf: The variety of Arroniz olive tree has the leaf of medium length and slightly wide.
Diseases: The Arroniz olive tree is considered very cold resistant and of high resistance to I repeat. The variety Arroniz resists drought well, but is sensitive to tuberculosis and fly. Superintensive olive groves planted in cold areas are using Arroniz to be one of the most cold-resistant olive varieties.
Multiplication: The Arroniz plant has been traditionally multiplied by stake or double crochet. In nurseries, it is multiplied by semi-woody staking (fogging).
Arroniz Olives, morphological characteristics
Arroniz has good features for the production of oil.
Maturation: the olive Arroniz is ripening medium.
Size: The olive variety Arroniz is medium size .
Shape: Arroniz olive, is symmetrical and spherical.
Skin color: The Arroniz olive, matures with the skin black. It has abundant lenticels of small size.
Peduncle: Arbequina olive peduncle is medium-long size.
And the olives have no nipple.
Yield: The Arroniz olives have a high yield of oil. Production data placed the average yield of 2014 and 2015 around 20.5%. When the green olives yield falls to 15-16%.
Collection: Arroniz has low resistance to shedding, this is a positive aspect to facilitate its collection. However, part of the crop may fall to the ground if storms occur.
Uses: Olive Arroniz is a variety used for oil production.
Taste: Arroniz EVOO has pleasant aromas with tomato and ripe fruits, with a mild flavor and little bitterness. It is found within the olive varieties admitted in protected designations of origin “Aceite de Navarra” and Aceite de la Rioja ”. When it is picked in green the olive presents higher levels of bitterness and itching with a characteristic fruity flavor.
Properties: The Arroniz olive oil, is stable, is Good for frying and eating raw.
Olive varieties for oil production: If you have found the information provided about the Arroniz olive tree interesting. You may also be interested in our articles on the variety of Picual olive, Cornicabra, Arbequina, Hojiblanca, olive Verdial.
We have translated the information on our website from Spanish to English. Note that some words may have seen their meaning altered during their translation.