Cobrancosa olive, is a variety of Portuguese origin. There are plantations in central and northern Portugal, covering approximately 40,000 hectares, around 10% of the area of Portuguese olive groves.
The origin of the olive variety Cobrancosa is situated in the region Portuguese Trás-os-Montes (Alto Douro).
On the other hand, in Spain, the Cobrancosa variety is little known and its cultivation is still limited. Although Cobrancosa is thought to be adequate for the wet weather from Galicia and northern Spain.
Names or synonyms: The Cobrancosa olive tree is also known by Verdeal Cobrancosa, Quebrançosa and Salgueira.
Cobrancosa Olive Tree characteristics
The Cobrancosa olive tree stands out for its good adaptation to moisture, the cold and limestone soil, factors typical of the north of the Iberian Peninsula.
Productivity: the Cobrancosa variety, is of medium precocity and of high production.
Regularity of bearing: Portuguese olive tree with constant production.
Flowering: Cobrançosa olive tree has middle ages of flowering and the variety is considered self-compatible.
Vigor and bearing of the tree: Quebrançosa has vigor medium and open bearing.
Leaf: The olive variety Cobrancosa has leaves of shape lanceolate, elongated and average width.
Diseases: Quebrançosa olive tree is considered resistant to winter cold, adapted to calcareous and alkaline soils, with medium resistance to the repilo. The sensitive to tuberculosis and to lepra, does not tolerate drought and saline lands well and is not sensitive to olive fly.
Multiplication: The Cobrancosa olive plant has medium rooting capacity. 70% rooting is calculated by fogging.
Cobrancosa olives, morphological characteristics
Cobrancosa olives are good for the production of quality oil and is easy to harvest.
Maturation: Cobrancosa produces ripening olives media.
Size: Cobrancosa olives have the olive of medium size (4 grams).
Shape: Olive Cobrancosa is shaped ovoidal, elongated and asymmetric.
Skin color: the Quebrançosa olive, presents the purple–black at maturity.
Pulp: The bone pulp ratio is medium.
Yield : Cobrancosa olive olives have average yield (20% ).
Collection: the olive tree Salgueira has low resistance to detachment.
The natural fall is low, but mechanized collection is easy.
Uses: The main use of Cobrancosa olives is the olive oil production.
Advantages: Appreciated olive oil, high and constant productivity.
Disadvantages: it does not resist drought well.
Cobrancosa olive oil
Cobrancosa Extra Virgin olive oil (EVOO) stands out for its quality and is included within several denominations of protected origin.
In Portugal, Cobrancosa oil has the following Protected Designations of Origin (DOP): Azeites de Trás-os-Montes, Azeites da Beira Alta, Azeites do North Alentejo and Azeites do Alentejo Interior.
Taste: Extra Virgin Cobrancosa olive oil has intense flavor spicy and bitter. On the other hand, its aroma is strongly fruity with touches of fresh grass, green and ripe fruit.
Properties: Cobrancosa oil has a medium oleic acid content.
We have translated the information on our website from Spanish to English. Note that some words may have seen their meaning altered during their translation.