Knowing the causes of unstable olive production, is the first step to avoid the economic problems it poses for the professional olive grower.
When olive trees go into olives overload, the growth of new shoots slows. The olive tree is delivered to the harvest and allocates most of the mineral and water resources of the land to the present crop. When these resources are scarce, the growth of new shoots is scarce, as is the next harvest.
Take good care of the olive grove, keeping the olive trees in perfect condition, helps to limits the irregular olive production.
Olive groves in irrigation provide water and nutrients to the olive tree constantly. This helps maintain vegetative growth for a longer period of time.
However, it is not just a matter of growth. When olives complete their development, they begin the emission of hormones that reduce the floral induction and promote would beat the olive tree.
This aspect is key to avoid the unstable olive production. A greater amount of olives, greater production of hormones and less future harvest. The olives will emit hormones for a long time until the olive harvest is done.
The difference between the early harvest and late olives is considerable.
If we have a big harvest and we collect early we may lose some potential production. But the following year the olive trees will have the capacity to achieve an average harvest.
When the harvest is late, the olive tree does not have enough rest to recover and the future harvest will be scarce.
Another aspect to consider is the olive variety, as well as early maturing varieties such as Picual are less irregular than late varieties such as Cornicabra (difficult to remove when harvested soon).
Solutions to the irregular olive production
Some solutions to the causes of irregular production in the olive tree are the following.
Correct olive tree fertilizer: providing the minerals the olive needs is essential to keep it productive. In addition to controlling the deficiencies existing in our farmland. It is important to keep in mind that the potassium needs skyrocket the years of great harvests. Therefore, it is essential to make extra contributions of this mineral in the covert fertilizer, fertirriegoand during the foliar treatments.
Pruning to regulate the harvest: getting medium-high crops on a regular basis is preferable to alternating high and low crops. We probably earn more if we harvest 70,000 kg on a regular basis instead of a 100,000 year and another 30,000.
To do this, we must avoid produce excessive sprouting after years of loading. After large harvests it is preferable to perform light pruning to favor a greater return harvest. On the other hand, after poor harvests, good pruning will help avoid overloading the olive tree. Obviously, balancing is not easy and is hard prune the olive trees and remove fruitful branches when A great harvest is coming.
Disease control: Keep the olive pests and diseases under control.
This is essential to keep the olive grove healthy and productive.
Date and harvesting techniques: Perform the harvest of olives as early as possible and use machinery to avoid damaging the olive tree during harvesting.
Irrigation: The water availability is essential to maintain the growth of the olive tree for as long as possible.
Plantation of low-grade varieties: Carry out olive plantations with varieties that are easy to collect and of low yields.
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