Arbosana olive tree is a variety native to the Penedés region (located between Barcelona and Tarragona).
Its reduced vigor and high productivity make it suitable for hedge plantation. In addition, thanks to this, it can support densities higher than those of other olive varieties.
From productivity very similar or even higher to Arbequina and more stable oil, is an interesting variety for areas where cold is not a problem.
Curiosities: The variety is in expansion, confirmed the good performance in super-intensive cultivation, it is being spread throughout Spain and other countries.
Characteristics of the Arbosana Olive Tree
Arbosana olive tree stands out for its low vigor and good adaptation to super high density plantations. Its intensive planting is not recommended as it is very difficult to detach.
Productivity: the variety of Arbosana olive , is very early (after two years it already achieves interesting harvests) and is very productive. With proper management, it is possible to reach average productions greater than 2.ooo Kg of olive oil per hectare.
Regularity of bearing: Arbosana is a variety of not very close.
Flowering: Arbosana olive tree has late time of flowering.
Vigor and bearing of the tree: It has vigor under and open bearing.
Leaf: olive Arbosana has the leaves in shape elliptical – lanceolate, short and narrow.
Diseases: Arbosana i-43® olive tree is very resistant to repilo and supports Verticillium and fly . Resists drought worse than Arbequina, although it recovers well with the autumn rains. It has poor resistance to cold and is sensitive to tuberculosis. Some sources call it sensitive to verticillosis.
Multiplication: The Arbosana olive plant has good rooting capacity.
Arbosana Olives, morphological characteristics
Arbosana olives, have good characteristics to produce olive oil in quantity and quality.
Maturation: Arbosana is a variety of ripening olive medium (harvested three weeks after Arbequina) .
Size: The Arbosana variety has the olive of small size.
Shape: Arbosana olives have a ovoidal and slightly asymmetric shape.
Skin color: the Arbosana variety, reaches the violet color.
Pulp: The bone pulp ratio is low.
Yield: Arbosana olives have average yield. In hedge culture, fatty yields of 19% can be reached (exceeding Arbequina by 2 points).
Collection: the Arbosana olive tree has high resistance to detachment.
In addition, it has greater resistance to detachment than Arbequina. Therefore, the collection time with harvesters increases by 25% if we compare the variety with Arbequina.
Collection with Arbosana olive harvester (First harvest).
Uses: Arbosana olives are grown to produce olive oil.
Advantages: Arbosana has very high and constant productivity. Very early and with few pruning needs (1/3 of Arbequina). In addition, olive oil is stable and has a high polyphenol content.
Disadvantages: poor cold tolerance, sensitive to tuberculosis.
Arbosana Extra Virgin Olive Oil (EVOO)
The Extra Virgin Olive oil Arbosana, is fruity, persistent in the mouth and resistant to rancidity, its bulk price is 15 cents higher than Arbequina.
Taste: Arbosana EVOO is mouth is astringent, with sweet, bitter and spicy flavors of medium-high intensity. The aroma is fruity, although inferior to Arbequina. We can remember smells of freshly cut grass, almonds, tomatoes, nuts, bananas or artichokes. The flavors are persistent and pleasant.
Properties: Arbosana olive oil has a high oleic acid content (74%). In addition, it has a high content of polyphenols and other compounds that make it resistant to oxidation.
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