In this article we will present the most representative characteristics of the Gisela 5 rootstock.
Introduction to the characteristics of the rootstocks
Before planting on a particular pattern or rootstock, we must ensure multiple aspects.
The first thing is to find compatible patterns with the variety that we want to plant, an aspect that cherry tree nurseries. Although on certain occasions, it may be interesting to perform grafts on your own.
Secondly, it is to know the characteristics of our soil, ph level, salinity, soil structure, availability of soil water, etc…
It is also important to establish a planting framework, to choose rootstock of greater or lesser vigor.
Less vigorous varieties support narrow planting frames. Its growth is lower and its production per hectare is usually higher. In addition, these types of dwarfing patterns favor rapid entry into production. It is common to use dwarfing patterns in the cultivation of unproductive varieties and in super-intensive cultivation conditions. However, its use in varieties of high productivity can cause overload on trees and fruits of small size or not marketable. It is also convenient to use dwarf varieties is high fertility soils, to keep trees at a suitable height for collection.
The incidence of the rootstock in the quality and size of the fruit is very important. A variety with a medium load on a vigorous pattern will usually reach a caliber greater than the same variety on a dwarfing pattern.
Therefore it is interesting to find a breakeven point. Achieve good productions with fruits of excellent quality and simple handling.
Characteristics of the Gisela 5 cherry rootstock:
Gisela 5 is a variety of cherry (Prunus cerasus) obtained by Doctor Gruppe in Giessen ( Germany ). It was obtained thanks to the crossing of Schatten Morelle (Variety of Guindo) x Prunus Canescens (Cano Cherry or Gray Leaf Cherry).
Registered in 1997, Gisela 5 is under patent or commercial registration until 2027.
Vigor: It has an average vigor of 50-65% depending on the source consulted. The vigor of Gisela 5 can be damaged by overloads.
Productivity: There is talk of a high precocity (Fast entry into production of Gisela 5, it only requires 2-3 years ) and multiply up to by 2.5 productions on traditional plantations.
Density: Plantations of between 1,000 and 2,000 plants of Gisela 5 per hectare can be carried out.
Irrigation: Irrigation is essential for Gisela 5 plantations to withstand high density.
Fruit quality: The size of the cherries obtained in feet of Gisela 5, can be significantly diminished if the cherry tree pruning sufficiently aggressively.
Pruning: In plantations with Gisela 5 rootstock, it is essential to perform aggressive pruning that keep the size of the trees under control and avoid damage due to overload.
Resistances: Gisela 5 has a good frost resistance and is quite tolerant of a significant amount of virus, and Gisela 5 is not very sensitive to bacterial cancer.
Root: Gisela 5 is anchored well to the ground and does not produce sierpes or little grandparents.
Soil: It adapts well to various types of soils. In soils with acidic pH Gisela 5 has a worse development, it is sensitive to arid climates. Its plantation is preferable in fertile soils.
Recommendations: The use of the Gisela 5 rootstock is recommended in very high density plantations.
To improve the production of cherry varieties with difficulty curdling and in fertile soils.
We have more information about the cherry tree that may be of interest:
The following content has been translated from our website in Spanish. Note that some words may have seen their meaning altered during their translation.